International docomomo Workshop
The Adaptive Reuse of the Lisbon riverside area: the MMC case study
Manutenção Militar Complex (MMC), Lisbon, 1-5 September 2016
Every two years, since 2006, docomomo International organises an international workshop, in the framework of the International docomomo Conference, dedicated to students, researchers and professionals worldwide. The aim is to study the possibilities of managing change and future challenges in architecture, landscapes and urban areas through learning taken from the Modern Movement as a basis for the future. The next edition will be held at Instituto Superior Técnico – Lisbon University, from the 1st to the 5th September, 2016. The case study will be the Manutenção Militar Complex [Military Maintenance] (MMC).
The MMC was an industrial facility that produced food, uniforms and other goods for the Portuguese Army. The first bakery was accommodated in a former Convent – Convento das Grilas – by the end of the 19th Century. During the 20th Century, due to the needs during the First World War and, in particular, during the Ultramar War (Portuguese Colonial War) in the 1960s, the complex was expanded.
Whilst the Portuguese Army reached 200,000 men in the 1960s, it is now reduced to 20,000 active soldiers. This has led to a reduction of the investment in the factories to the point that they were found to be obsolete and that it would be more advantageous to outsource the supply of military food. Gradually the factories closed and Manutenção Militar was finally substituted by a public enterprise MM-Gestão Partilhada in 2015. On june 2016 Lisbon Municipality signed a protocol with the Portuguese Army in order to manage for 50 years the South area of the old MMC. This area will be the stage of the Creative and Entrepreneur Hub of Lisbon where national and international startups, companies, business incubators, associations among other entities will be placed according to a masterplan.
The termination of the industrial production raised the problem of finding new sustainable uses for this area on the Tagus riverfront, between the Pombaline City Harbour – Terreiro do Paço – and the Contemporary Parque das Nações. This is a challenging task: any future solution needs to have a dialogue with this current industrial heritage, which is deeply connected with recent Portuguese history, as well as with the Lisbon riverside area and the contemporary city.
Goal: A new centrality. Regenerating the oriental riverside strip
The purpose of the workshop is to make a significant contribution to the future development of the MMC, by:
clarifying the MMC identity within Lisbon urban context and itself;
2. understanding its role as a future riverside centrality within the Lisbon Municipality initiative of creating in MMC the new Creative and Entrepreneur Hub of Lisbon.
Simultaneously, the aim is to diagnose key issues and opportunities in order to propose a strategy of symbiosis between past values, current conditions and future possibilities, presenting it to the stakeholders and to the general public.
By this docomomo will be able to call public attention to the fact that sustainability can be reached through architectural heritage conservation, based on its documentation and knowledge. With an emphasis on reuse and respect for the past, through intelligent re-development and community awareness, this workshop intends to be one of the first steps for the sustainable future of the MMC.
Methodology and Outcomes
Through working with experienced teachers and architects from different nationalities and backgrounds, the groups of students will develop analytical skills and working methods. Students will be able to work in an historic Lisbon facility of outstanding size which is in a very good state of preservation. The workshop will provide a forum in which students, researchers and practitioners from different backgrounds will be able to discuss different aspects of the reuse of vacant Modern Movement buildings. The discussion based on a real case study will allow learning by doing.
In order to achieve understanding of the MMC identity within Lisbon urban context and itself, docomomo proposes two phases as a methodology for the workshop development.
On the 1st phase an overall analysis of all the complex and surroundings (Fig.1) based on the available documentation and fieldwork survey will be asked in order to build a collective and multidisciplinary knowledge to allow a sustained 2nd phase of synthesis and a strategical masterplan proposal for the MMC South area (Fig.2) focused on theoretical principles and intervention guidelines for future interventions.
The proposals are required to respect the industrial heritage and to innovate in terms of new uses and functions.
The final presentations will be featured in the docomomo media channels and network. The main outcome will be several projects and ideas that can contribute to the solution to be adopted in the future of the MMC area.
docomomo will provide in advance all the necessary documentation for the workshop development.
The link for the available documentation will be sent by email to the workshop participants.
The workshop is dedicated to students and professionals, from different fields of studies and practice, such as architecture, engineering, landscape architecture, history, etc. To participate in the workshop, candidates must send a short CV (2 pages) in pdf format to firstname.lastname@example.org. The participants will be chosen by CV and not on the order of the submission's arrival. The deadline for submission is 27 March, 2016. After the selection, participants must register and pay the registration fee before 30 June, 2016. Participants are expected to bring their own laptop computers.
The workshop fee is €150. The fee includes: 1) Workshop material (except computer), 2) Lunch at Técnico-Lisbon University 3) Morning and afternoon snacks, 4) Free access to lectures and movies in the framework of the Workshop, 5) Participation certificate corresponding to a 40 hours of work. Accommodation is not included.
Please note that attendance at the 14th International docomomo Conference is not included but all workshop students participants can attend it, by paying the reduced student fee.
Manutenção Militar Complex
GPS coordinates: 38°43'54.4"N 9°06'24.2"W
Address: Rua do Grilo 109, 1950 Lisbon
Bus: 718, 742
Técnico - Lisbon University
GPS coordinates: 38°44'15.5"N 9°08'25.1"W
Address: Técnico-Arquitectura, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
Metro Stations: Saldanha, Alameda
A range of accommodation options is available for you. You should budget as a minimum €30 per night for a single-room with en suite facilities and €15 per night in shared bedroom.
Técnico's Accommodation Office offers 50% discount for all workshop participants in reservations at Residência Eng. Duarte Pacheco, from 1 to 5 September, subject to room availability. To guarentee your place, submit the reservation form here.
Single room with private bathroom - €15 per person per day
Double room with private bathroom - €12,50 per person per day
João Pedro Falcão de Campos, Técnico - University of Lisbon (PT)
Falcão de Campos is an architect (Universidade Técnica de Lisboa,1984) practicing in his own office in Lisbon since 1987. He has collaborated with the Portuguese architects Álvaro Siza and Gonçalo Byrne. His designs have been awarded several prizes, namely the designs for: À Margem bar - Shortlisted FAD Award 2007 and BSI Swiss Architectural Architectural Award 2010; Bank of Portugal Head Office Refurbishment - Mention Best Intervention of Restoration in the National Award of Urban Refurbishment; Lisbon Assisted Pedestrian Path from Baixa to Castelo de S. Jorge - FAD Award 2014, National Award of Urban Refurbishment in the category of Best Intervention in the City of Lisbon. He is visiting Professor at Instituto Superior Técnico, IST–UTL, (Portugal), Navarra University (Spain) since 2010 and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (2015-2016). The AICA Award 2013 acknowledged the significance of his career and his ability to bridge Past and Future.
Falcão de Campos, arquitecto:
Daniela Arnaut, Técnico - University of Lisbon (PT)
Daniela Arnaut is an architect (IST, 2006), and a PhD candidate in Instituto Superior Técnico (2011, IST) where she teaches Architectural Design Studio since 2009. In 2016 she co-coordinated a student’s exchange workshop in Liverpool University in London. She joined several investigation teams regarding modern architecture: “Inquérito à Arquitectura Portuguesa do Século XX”(2005); Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation publications (2006-2015), “Gulbenkian Headquarters and Museum. The Architecture of the 60s”(2006), and others; and several publications for the docomomo Ibérico (2009-2011). She’s a member of docomomo International. In 2015 was a jury for Archiprix Portugal. Until 2011 she collaborated with Risco S.A. architecture office on projects such as the Ferreira Dias School and the NATO Summit in Lisbon, and the Santa Filomena Hospital, in Coimbra.
João Manuel Santa Rita, Técnico - University of Lisbon (PT)
João Manuel Santa Rita is architect, Faculdade de Arquitectura - Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (1989). Master in Construction, IST-UTL - Técnico - Lisbon University (1999), where he currently attends a PhD in Architecture. Since 1989 practicing in his own office and as collaborate with architects João Luis Carrilho da Graça, João Luis Sousa Menezes (Atelier Bugio), Fernando Martins, Bárbara Martins and João Pedro Falcão de Campos. Is teaching since 2001 at IADE - U Laureate International Universities (Lisboa), and is as been invited assistant at UAL – Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa (2007-2010), Escola de Artes da Universidade de Évora (2015) and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (2015-2016). Member of the Lisbon and Tagus Valley team of the Survey on 20th Architecture in Portugal (iap20), the Order of Architects (2004-2005). Member of the Portuguese team research project in “Task 41 - Solar Energy and Architecture” driven by the IEA - International Energy Agency (2009 – 2010). Since 2012 is responsible on “Energy Efficiency Action Training”, Order of Architects.
António Ricardo da Costa, Tecnico - University of Lisbon (PT)
António Ricardo da Costa graduated in Architecture (1992), by the Technical University of Lisbon, where he also obtained a Masters Degree in Urban and Regional Planning. Developed his PhD research in the University of Seville, where he obtained his PhD degree, classified Cum Laude (2006). António Ricardo da Costa is currently Assistant Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), University of Lisbon. As professor at IST he taught courses such as Urban and Regional Planning, Theory and Urban History, Urban Design and Compensation and Architectural Studios. He participated in several works under the IST Center for Urban and Regional Systems (CESUR) and has several papers published on the subjects of urban design, urban morphology, urban history and urban conservation.
José Miguel Rodrigues, FA - University of Porto (PT)
José Miguel Rodrigues (Porto, 1970) studied at School of architecture of the University of Porto (FAUP) where he did his Masters (1998) and PhD (2007). In 1995, with Ana Luisa Rodrigues, João Figueira, Luis Miguel Fareleira and Pedro Bandeira won the 1st prize in the International Competition for the New Aldeia da Luz Plan, built in 2000 and in 2004, nominated for the Secil Architecture Prize. Since 1998, he has been teaching at FAUP the courses of Architectural Design, History of Modern Architecture and Research Methods. He is part of the Scientific Committee of the PhD Programme in Architecture of FAUP and the Scientific Council of the Marques da Silva Foundation. Since 2011, he develops post-doctoral research, at the Atlas House Research Group, entitled "The relationship between theory and practice in Giorgio Grassi: affinities and oppositions".
Maria Manuel Oliveira, SA - University of Minho (PT)
Maria Manuel Oliveira is Associate Professor at the School of Architecture of Minho University (Portugal) where she has been teaching and working on architectural and urban design at the School’s Studies Centre. One of the projects she has designed and coordinated is the rehabilitation of Praça do Toural, Guimarães (BIAU 2012 Award, LAE 2015 selection). She is an architect educated at Higher Institute of Fine Arts of Porto (1985) and holds a PhD from Universidade do Minho in the field of spaces related to the funerary cults. She is a member of the LAB2PT and her latest research has concentrated on the study of Modern Architecture in Lusophone countries, with a particular focus on Brasília and Mozambique.
Eui-Sung Yi, Morphosis Architects (US)
Eui-Sung Yi is currently Design Principal at Morphosis Architects and Director of the Now Institute at UCLA’s Department of Architecture and Urban (USA), the culmination of 10 years of research initiatives and speculations with Thom Mayne on emerging urban issues confronting major metropolises and disaster-stricken cities. He studied Architecture at Cornell University (Bachelor) and Harvard University (Masters). Yi has been involved with academia and scholarship for over fifteen years in Asia and the U.S. Besides the work at UCLA with Tom Mayne, Yi has maintained diverse academic relationship with other institutions namely the USC School of Architecture, Inha University (South Korea) and collaborations with Tsinghua University and Tongji University in China. He was the Vice President of Design at Chang-jo Architects in Korea, AIA National Speaker on Urban Design (Los Angeles) and Sustainability (San Antonio) for two National Conventions and Member of the Executive Committee of docomomo in charge of the 2014 International Conference in Seoul.
Nuno Grande, DARQ - University of Coimbra (PT)
Born in Luanda, Angola (1966) Nuno Grande is an Architect (University of Porto, 1992) and Assistant Professor at the University of Coimbra where he was awarded a PhD degree in 2009. His PhD thesis is focused on the relationship between Culture, City and Architecture, and especially on the role of great cultural facilities within the urban regeneration process. As a curator and a cultural programmer he organised exhibitions on Portuguese Architecture at: Porto 2001, European Capital of Culture; 2007 Lisbon Architectural Triennale; 2007 São Paulo Architectural Biennale; and Guimarães 2012, European Capital of Culture. As a critic he writes occasionally for architectural reviews published in Portugal, Spain, France, Switzerland, Netherlands, Croatia, South Korea and Japan. He is author or editor of different publications on Portuguese Architectural and Urban Culture.
Ricardo Bak Gordon, Tecnico - University of Lisbon (PT)
Ricardo Bak Gordon, graduated in 1990 at Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. In 2002 he created the studio Bak Gordon Arquitectos, where he designed Two Houses in Santa Isabel (FAD 2011and BIAU 2012 Awards), D. Dinis Secondary School Renovation and Extension (Lisbon 2008), Oliveira da Serra Mill (Ferreira do Alentejo, 2010). His works were exhibited in countries such as Italy, Brazil or Japan; and published on prestigious specialised editions. He was a nominee for the Mies van der Rohe prize in 2009 and 2011 and one of Portugal’s representatives at the Venice Biennale in 2010 and 2012. He is currently a visiting professor in the Integrated Master Degree (MSc) in Architecture at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Lisbon and has lectured and/or attended as visiting professor at several universities.
Theodore Prudon, Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (US)
Theodore Prudon, PHD, FAIA, FAPT, FoIFI, BNA, is an internationally renowned architect, preservation expert, architectural engineer, author, and educator. As one of the founding partner of the SC COLLECTIVE and founder of his practice of Prudon & Partners, he provides management and architecture leadership to which he brings a depth of specialist knowledge. He is Associate Professor at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation, and Professor at the Pratt Institute School of Architecture, Graduate Program for Historic Preservation. At present he chairs the Cultural Committee of The Netherland-America Foundation and is a member of its Executive Committee. He is on the board of the James Marston Fitch Charitable Trust, and serves as the president of the US chapter of docomomo. He has lectured extensively both in the United States and abroad and has contributed well over 100 articles to both domestic and international scholarly, professional and trade journals. He is the author of his seminal and award winning book, Preservation of Modern Architecture published by John Wiley & Sons (April 2008). He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects (FAIA), the Association for Preservation Technology (FAPT) and the International Federation of Interior Architects/ Designers (FoIFI). He has also been recognized by the Royal Institute of Architects, The Netherlands.